Central role
Merely to participate
Inattentive performance

Habitual involvement with small electronic devices has a negative and lasting impact on users’ ability to think, remember, and respond to environmental stimulus. Now evident at all times and places, attention patterns have shifted to a very narrow focus.

“Deskilling devices – they make us dumber. We’re immersed in a system that now requires the use of a cell phone just to get around, just to function, and so the logic of that cell phone has been imposed on us.” – Douglas Tompkins