For Freud, the unconscious mind is the nexus of repressed thoughts, disturbing memories, and fundamental animalistic drives. For Jung on the other hand, rather than a storehouse of unacceptable repressed desires, the unconscious is a larger realm separated into the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. Jung’s personal unconscious refers to all information present within an individual’s mind, but not readily available to conscious recall. His collective unconscious refers to unconscious mind structures shared amongst all human beings.
“It is out of the rich and mysterious depths of this unconscious that the intuition of being, mystical contemplation, and the mysticism of the self all emerge, each in its distinctive way.” – James Arraj
While being set free, the basic need for self-expression activates and asserts a new artistic relationship to things. The inner meanings of objects are enigmatically recognized through the artist’s self-awareness, and both are manifested in the work together.
“Direction upon an external object therefore finds expression through a drive, and this drive emerges directly from the contradiction between the idealizing and the intuiting self, and is directly bent upon restoring the lost identity of the self.” – Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
The intellect operates far beyond concepts and logic when it exercises itself in vital connection with imagination. Yearning for liberation, I have managed to make the ninety-mile journey to the airport interesting and productive by transforming it into an art project. Born in a flash of intuitivity, each contingent configuration approachment summons another distinct creative moment.
“This new stage is reached not by some process antecedent to the act of attention, but by that act itself. Attention or awareness is a kind of activity different from mere feeling, and presupposing it.” – R. G. Collingwood
Mobile and incomplete
Once in consciousness, cognition can move towards transcendental idealism by virtue of Kantian imaginative free play. Kant’s notion of free play amongst cognitive powers is a harmony between imagination and understanding that is unrestricted by the concept of an object. Kant claims that the imagination, which operates functionally close to the emotions, animates the mind.
“Hence the state of the mind in this representation must be one of a feeling of the free play of the powers of representation in a given representation for a cognition in general.” – Immanuel Kant
Discourse points toward
An interpretative turn
As aesthetic form without reason, Kant promoted that perceptions of beauty must be free of concepts or any logical ideas. Along with this, he decided experiencing beauty is a type of mental action indifferent to desires and emotions. However, is it even possible totally to separate such thoughts from any aesthetic experience?
“For where anyone is conscious that his delight in an object is with him independent of interest, it is inevitable that he should look on the object as one containing a ground of delight for all.” – Immanuel Kant
Hidden incitations are accessible because intuition is cultivated in the artist. Constantly open to latent mental developments, certain manifestations emerge as a creative compulsion appealing to actual existence. From its inception deep within the nonconceptual intellectual realm, intuition orients toward an impulse to create. The finished artwork will be an indissoluble unity of subjectivity and reality.
“For poetic intuition, as concerns its operative exercise, perfects itself in the course of the artistic process.” – Jacques Maritain
Present in advance
The closer artworks come to the sources of poetry, the more they reveal artistic subjectivity. Yet the substance of human life is obscure, as the soul manifests only in the flowing multiplicity of passing phenomena that emerge from and are attained by reflective consciousness.
“ For poetry means first of all an intellective act which by its essence is creative, and forms something into being instead of being formed by things: and what can such an intellective act possibly express and manifest in producing the work if not the very being and substance of the one who creates?” – Jacques Maritain
Enveloped in the light
Shaped by intuition, the free animation of the intellect is also cognitive and productive. It obeys an inner directive of consideration and expansion propelling toward creative spiritual manifestation. In this vital origin, where spiritual powers are active in common, innovation implies an essential requirement of totality or integrity.
“The first obligation imposed on the poet is to consent to be brought back to the hidden place, near the center of the soul, where this totality exists in the state of a creative source.” – Jacques Maritain
Under the attraction
Externals of reason
The powers of sense perception are enveloped by imagination, which is within the realm of intelligence. Churned and activated by intuition, all these mental modalities comprise a unified intellect.
“For we do not think that we know a thing until we are acquainted with its primary conditions or first principles, and have carried our analysis as far as its simplest elements.” – Aristotle
Impact of the light
Obscure within the mind there exists a nonconscious energy realm from which consciousness and perceptions emerge. Thus the summation of rational discourse and deliberation, concepts, and logical connections in which intellectual activity takes explicit form, is anteceded by the clandestine workings of an original prodigious preconscious life.
“Far beneath the sunlit surface thronged with explicit concepts and judgments, words and expressed resolutions or movements of the will, are the sources of knowledge and creativity, of love and supra-sensuous desires, hidden in the primordial translucid night of the intimate vitality of the soul.” – Jacques Maritain